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Indirect commensalism promotes persistence of secondary consumer species – A synopsis of Dirk Sanders & F. J. Frank van Veen’s study

Slide1 Mary Paul

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Links to References and Further Reading

Sanders, D., & van Veen, F. J. F. (2012). Indirect commensalism  promotes persistence of secondary consumer species. Biology Letters, 8(6), 960-963. ( doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0572)

Borrvall C., Ebenman B. (2006 ). Early onset of secondary extinctions in ecological communities following the loss of top predators. Ecol. Lett. 9, 435–442. (doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00893.x)

Levine S. H. (1976) Competitive interactions in ecosystems. Am. Nat. 110, 903–910. (doi:10.1086/283116)

VandermeerJ. (1980) Indirect mutualism: variations on a theme by Levine. Am. Nat. 116, 441–448. (doi:10.1086/283637)




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